Patients and Care Givers  |  Types of Cancer  |  Prostate  |  Risk Factors & Symptoms

Risk Factors & Symptoms

Simply put, all men are at risk of prostate cancer and the most common risk factor is age.

However, some men have an increased risk.

You are at increased risk for getting or dying from prostate cancer if you are African-American or have a family history of prostate cancer.

My daughter said (prostate cancer) was an old black man’s disease. She said something else is going to kill you before that … but I wanted it treated and out of the body so that it did not spread to other areas of the body that are not as predictable for an old black man." Amos Tingle

Genetic Factors for a Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer

For some men, genetic factors may put them at higher risk of prostate cancer. You may have an increased risk of getting a type of prostate cancer caused by genetic changes that are inherited if:

  • You have a first-degree relative (father, son, or brother) who had prostate cancer, including relatives in three generations on your mother’s or father’s side of the family.
  • You were diagnosed with prostate cancer when you were 55 years old or younger.
  • You were diagnosed with prostate cancer, and other members of your family have been diagnosed with breast, ovarian, or pancreatic cancer.

The symptoms of prostate cancer can vary from person to person. In fact, it is more common for men with prostate cancer to have no symptoms at all.

Most men are diagnosed with prostate cancer after screening or after lab work due to symptoms for an issue that may not be related to prostate cancer.


The most common prostate cancer symptoms4:



• Trouble urinating
• Decreased force in the stream of urine
• Frequent urination, especially at night.

Pain & Disfunction

Pain & Disfunction

• Pain or burning during urination.
• Painful ejaculation.
• Erectile dysfunction.
• Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away.



• Unintended weight loss.
• Blood in the urine or semen.

It is also important to note that these symptoms may be caused by conditions other than prostate cancer. If experiencing any of these symptoms, contact your doctor right away.

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